Diabetes is a complex condition which can effect you in a number of ways. Many people don't know that it can put you at risk of developing several eye-related diseases. Some of these include diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma, as well as many other conditions that may impact your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs when excess blood glucose levels cause damage to the retina. It can also lead to blindness in adults.
A fairly common result of old age, cataracts, which cause vision impairment due to the clouding of the eyeí´s lens, usually develop at an earlier age in diabetes sufferers.
Individuals with diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma, also known as the silent thief of sight, which is a serious, sight-threatening condition. Glaucoma forms due to escalating pressure in the eye, resulting in optic nerve damage and vision loss.
All diabetes sufferers, regardless of whether it is type 1 or type 2 - are at a higher risk of diabetic eye disease, even more so if their diabetes is uncontrolled. Additional risks include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, poor diet and exercise, and smoking.
Due to the nature of the condition, symptoms of diabetic eye diseases often shift with blood sugar levels. These often include the following:
- Blurry or distorted vision that may fluctuate
- Blind spots or floaters
- Double vision
- Eye Pain
- Problems with near vision
- Corneal abrasions
It's essential to note that the onset of diabetic eye disease can occur prior to its symptoms even being noticed.
Early detection can make a big difference when it comes to avoiding serious loss of vision. With this is mind, it is strongly advised that diabetes sufferers have a yearly eye exam, to make certain that everything is okay. If you suffer from diabetes, make sure you are informed about how to avoid diabetic eye disease. A yearly eye exam, coupled with proper preventative measures, can make the difference between losing vision and seeing well for years to come.