Often, when either children an adults experience poor vision, it can be the result of a number of conditions such as anatomical changes in the eye, eye diseases, side effects caused by medicine or eye injuries. Lots of people also report visual disturbances due to aging or eye strain. This can result in changes in your eyesight, which may sometimes cause pain and even make it harder to perform daily activities such as reading fine print or looking at a computer screen for extended periods of time. Common signs and symptoms of these types of vision problems include eye strain, headache, blurred vision, and struggling with close and far distances.
One of the first signs of a vision problem can be blurred vision. If you suffer from blurred vision when focusing on faraway objects, you could very well have myopia, or be nearsighted. If you suffer from blurred vision when you're looking at objects at close range it could mean you suffer from hyperopia, or farsightedness. Blurred vision can also be a sign of astigmatism which occurs due to an abnormality in the way the cornea is formed. No matter the reason you have blurry vision, it is vital that an eye care professional examine your vision and prescribe a solution to help clarify your sight.
Another warning sign of a vision problem is difficulty discerning different colors or intensity of color. This generally means the patient has color blindness. Interestingly, this condition is often not known to the patient until discovered with a test. Color blindness is generally something that affects males. If a woman has problems perceiving color it could mean she has ocular disease, and an optometrist needs to be consulted. If you struggle to distinguish between objects in minimal light, it could mean the patient suffers from night blindness.
Cataracts, a condition frequently seen elderly patients can have numerous telltale signs which include: unclear sight that worsens in bright light, trouble seeing in the dark or reduced light, trouble seeing small writing or objects, the need for brighter light when reading, seeing duplicates in one eye, redness of the eye, and a pale appearance to the normally dark pupil.
Throbbing eye pain, headaches, unclear sight, inflammation in the eye, colorful coronas around lights, nausea and vomiting are also signs of glaucoma, a serious medical illness, which needs immediate medical attention.
With younger patients, we recommend you keep an eye out for uncoordinated eye movement, or eyes that cross in or out, which could indicate a condition called strabismus. Certain behavior in children, such as rubbing one or both eyes, squinting, head tilting, or needing to close one eye in order to see things better, can often indicate this issue.
Though some conditions could be more problematic than others, any disruption to clear vision will be something that compromises your quality of life. A short appointment with your optometrist can save you from unnecessary discomfort, not to mention even more severe eye and vision damage.