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Glaucoma Testing and Treatment In Fayettville

What Is a Glaucoma Test?

Glaucoma-treatment-Fayetteville-NCLieberman and Lieberman offer diagnosis and treatment of Glaucoma in Fayettville NC. Glaucoma is the generalized name for a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve of the eye, preventing the eye from sending accurate visual information to the brain. Glaucoma tests are designed to test your eyes for one of the key symptoms of the disease—increased eye pressure—however only a comprehensive eye exam can reveal whether or not you have glaucoma. Increased pressure inside the eye is often a key indicator of glaucoma, though not exclusively so. Eye doctors can use a number of tests for eye pressure, but will, by default, check for signs of glaucoma as part of a detailed examination of the retina—the light sensitive area at the back of the eye responsible for processing images.

Nerve Fiber Layer Analysis

Nerve fiber layer analysis is the latest technology in early detection of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve such as glaucoma. This is a fast and painless test that provides us with important information about the condition of your optic nerve.

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is often referred to as the “silent thief of sight” because, in most cases, there are no symptoms or warnings until irreparable damage is done to the eye and vision is lost. Glaucoma is an eye disease that affects millions of people around the world. We are still not sure of the exact cause of glaucoma, but the end result if left untreated, can be blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the inflow and/or outflow of aqueous fluid in the eye is disturbed, causing the pressure inside the eye to rise. When this intraocular pressure rises, damage to the optic nerve can occur, which translates to vision loss over time. While the most common type of glaucoma cannot be cured, it can be treated and our optometrists have extensive experience treating it.

How Does Glaucoma Testing Work?

A glaucoma test is usually part of a routine eye exam and measures the internal pressure of the eye.

While increased eye pressure is a key indicator of the disease, it does not necessarily mean you have a glaucoma diagnosis. In fact, the only way to detect glaucoma is to have a detailed, comprehensive eye exam that often includes dilation of the pupils. “True” glaucoma testing actually involves your eye doctor examining the retina and optic nerve at the back of the eye for signs of the disease.

How Is Glaucoma Treated?

Treatment also includes ongoing diagnostic testing to ensure that the eye pressure stays under good control and that no vision is lost. It is important to get regular eye care. Regular (yearly) comprehensive eye exams can help detect glaucoma in its early stages before irreversible damage occurs to vision. It is also important to know your family’s eye health history as glaucoma tends to run in families. And if you are prescribed eye drops for glaucoma, taking them regularly will help preserve vision. The evidence of a link between systemic diseases and glaucoma is often contradictory although we do know that overall health tends to affect the progression of glaucoma so it is of course a good idea to exercise regularly and eat healthy in order to maximize treatment outcomes. Smoking can also increase the risk of developing glaucoma as well as the progression of glaucoma once diagnosed. If your eye doctor detects glaucoma early through a regular eye exams, and patients are compliant with treatment, the outcomes with glaucoma are good. The diagnostic tools and prescription eye drops that are available in eye care are helpful in preventing vision loss. The most important piece of the puzzle is regular eye exams in order to detect glaucoma.

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Glaucoma can cause slight to severe vision loss, and is often discovered only after the disease is present—that’s why glaucoma testing is so important.
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Special thanks to the EyeGlass Guide for informational material that aided in the creation of this website. Visit the EyeGlass Guide today!