Diabetic Retinopathy – Detection & Treatment
We offer specialized testing for diabetic retinopathy in our Professional Optometry clinic, in Fayetteville, NC. People with any type of diabetes, especially uncontrolled diabetes, are at an increased risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.
The most significant way to prevent vision loss due to diabetes is by having a regular, comprehensive eye exam at least once a year. Early detection is critical. If you have diabetes, do not delay – call now to schedule an eye exam with Dr. Ann Kosterman Lieberman or Dr. Nathan Lieberman.
Definition of Diabetic Retinopathy
This threatening disease occurs when the delicate blood vessels in the eye that provide blood to the retina begin to leak, swell or become totally sealed off. As the retinopathy progresses, bleeding at the back of the eye will increasingly disrupt vision. When left untreated – the disease will eventually lead to blindness. The early stages of diabetic retinopathy are often symptomless, which is why routine eye exams at our Fayetteville, NC, office are the only way to detect the condition.
Although the beginning signs of diabetic retinopathy often go unnoticed by the patient, with time symptoms will appear and worsen. Warning signs include blurry vision and black or dark spots in your visual field.
Your pupils will be dilated in order to provide the eye doctor with a clear, wide view of your retina and inner eye tissues. Your retina will be checked for any indications of diabetic retinopathy, such as vascular damage or bleeding.
A complete eye exam will also include a tonometry test to check for glaucoma, another disease that diabetes may cause. Either a pressure-sensitive tip is placed near or against your eye gently, or a quick puff of air is blown into your eye. These procedures measure the pressure of your internal eye fluid; higher-than-normal pressure may point to the presence of glaucoma. We will also check for other conditions, such as Presbyopia.
Keeping blood glucose levels under control is necessary for preventing vision loss caused by diabetic retinopathy. In addition to treatment by your eye doctor, you will need to visit your primary care physician or endocrinologist.
Diabetic retinopathy may be treated with laser surgery or a vitrectomy, which replaces the gel that supports your eyeball structure. Dr. Lieberman will meet with you in Fayetteville, NC, to discuss and explain the most appropriate course of action for your personal case.
Loss of Vision
“Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults between the ages of 20 and 74,” says Dr. Ann Lieberman. “Diabetes also causes a greater risk of glaucoma and early cataracts. Yet despite these frightening statistics, 1 in 4 people with diabetes do not listen to their optometrist’s recommendation for a complete eye health evaluation every year.”
Early diagnosis of retinopathy or glaucoma can decrease your risk of vision loss by as much as 95%. In contrast, the dire consequence of not having a comprehensive eye exam every year includes irreversible loss of vision. If you have diabetes, call us today at Professional Optometry in Fayetteville, NC, to reserve your dilated eye exam.
In between your annual eye examinations, there are a few warning signs that may be caused by diabetes, which require more immediate attention.
- Seeing double
- Blurry vision
- Pain in one or both eyes
- Red eyes that remain red
- Sensation of pressure in your eye
- Consistent spots or floaters
If you have any of these symptoms, call Dr. Lieberman at Professional Optometry, Fayetteville, NC, to reserve an appointment as soon as possible.